The 3rd Conditional Make and Use
1. If you hadn’t eaten so much, you wouldn’t have felt sick last night.
2. If we had earned more money, we would have moved to a better area of the city.
3. She would have got the job, if she’d left a better impression on the interviewers.
Now read the text about the sinking of the world’s most famous ship, and write 3rd conditional sentences to say how the ship crew would have avoided the disaster if they had made different decisions.
Why did Titanic sink?
1. The ship received warnings about icebergs ahead, but didn’t slow down. Instead, it continued to sail at full speed.
2. The lookout sailor didn’t have any binoculars with him, so he couldn’t see the iceberg until it was too close to miss.
3. Although the ship carried 2,200 passengers, it only had 20 lifeboats, which was barely enough for 1,200 people.
4. Because Titanic was thought to be unsinkable, many passengers didn’t take the accident very seriously and didn’t hurry to get in the lifeboats. Therefore, many of the lifeboats left half empty.
5. The survivors were picked up by another ship, the Carpathia, which had received the emergency message on the radio. Another much closer ship to the Titanic didn’t receive the emergency message because the radio operator had gone to sleep.
Example: If the water had been warmer, more people would have survived.
Now, finish the other sentences.
1. If the ship ___ (slow down), it ___ (not hit) the iceberg.
2. If the lookout sailor ___ (have) binoculars with him, he ___ (notice) the iceberg sooner.
3. If the ship ___ (had) more lifeboats, more passengers ___ (be saved).
4. Many lifeboats ___ (not leave) half empty if the passengers ___ (take) the accident more seriously.
5. A lot of people ___ (survive) if the radio operator on the closer ship ___ (not go) to sleep.